NOTES:

All thick and thin planchet varieties are included together in the same population figures.

HK1001 in Gold: Two of these pieces in gold have been sold in recent times. Heritage Auctions sold one in September of 2007. It was graded NGC EF45 and sold for $63,000. A second one sold later, in NGC PF62 for just under $200,000. The January 1910 issue of the Numismatist has an advertisment on page 32 for the sale of the Erie Canal gold medal presented to General Andrew Jackson

HK1 in Copper: The American Numismatic Society in New York has an HK 1 in copper/bronze. It is the only one that I know of.

HK2: Joe Levine from his 58th PCAC sale lot#186 states: "This is a great rarity as well as being one of the most important historical pieces in the So-Called Dollar series. Insofar as we know, the identity of the "C.R." engraver is unknown and we can come up with no likely candidate. This is the only known medallic artifact of our semi-centennial celebration in 1826. It is considerably rarer than the Silver Erie Canal medal which consistently brings in the $1,500-$2,000 range, and, in our opinion, is more historically signifigant." The late John Ford had three of these in silver that were sold by Stacks in their May 10, 2005 sale.

HK5 Copper: Joe Levine from his 59th PCAC sale lot#194 states: "The 1858 New York Crystal Palace Exhibition was the first World's Fair held in this country. White metal examples show up with some frequency, but the copper specimens are quite rare." These medals also show up in brass(possibly gilt) and appear to be as rare as the copper ones. Presidential Coin and Antique sold one in brass in their June 7th, 2008 auction (lot #119) that was mis-described as copper.

HK7: Joe Levine from his 40th(Part 1) PCAC sale lot#160 states: "Such pieces were probably given to members of the exposition police as mementos of their service. An exceptionally rare relic of the first international exposition held in the United States.". Also, there is a variety of this piece (HK7a in the new 2nd edition, but unlisted in the 1st edition)without "Crystal Palace Police" but with the inscription "New York Crystal Palace For The Exhibition Of The Industry Of All Nations". This latter piece, although still quite rare, is more common than the "Crystal Palace Police" piece as listed in both editions of HK. There was an HK7 in white metal sold by Presidential Coin and Antique sale #31, lot#545 described as "HK 7 but White metal. XF. Some tin pest. All Nations Dollar". This description suggests that this lot was exactly like HK7 but in white metal. I am wondering if this lot was actually the more common piece. I have found no other listings of HK7(as described as exactly the same as the picture in HK) in white metal. So, as such I have decided not to create a separate listing of HK7 in white metal, however it is possible that it does exist.

HK7a: This piece was not listed in the first edition of HK. Although still quite rare, it is not as rare as HK7.

HK11a: Joe Levine from his 70th PCAC sale lot#456 states: "This token, with it's reverse of an eagle within a circle of stars, is considerably scarcer than it's HK 11 brother. Both the obverse and the reverse of this piece were used on a George McClellen political by George Lovett(See GMcC 18654-8 and 1864-8(D). The present piece is cataloged by DeWitt/Sullivan as GMcC 1864-8(F)"

HK12 in Silver (HK12a in the 2nd edition of HK): The eight sales of HK12 in silver(HK12a in the 2nd edition) that I recorded in my tally were as follows: 1)PCAC sale 31 lot 1163 described as AU (no photo). 2)PCAC sale 48 lot 198 described as "choice Unc with attractive iridescent toning", and "this must be amongst the nicest"(with photo). 3)PCAC sale 68 lot 103 (with photo) described as "choice proof with iridescent toning from Stack's Coin Galleries sale of July 1993 #141 where it brought $1810.00". This piece could also be the same as the piece that sold in PCAC sale 48, lot 198, but comparing the photos, they are probably different. 4)PCAC sale 69 lot 120 described as "XF/AU with some scattered field marks"(with photo). 5)Rich Hartzog 12/1/80 lot 889 described as "nicely toned steel color with some minor hairlines"(photo of reverse only). 6)Johnson and Jensen sale 15/16 lot 366 described as "toned EF"(with photo). This piece was probably better than EF due to the fact that Johnson and Jensen grading was often very conservative. 7)NASCA sale of the Wayte Raymond collecton sold in June 1978, lot 3710. It was described as "XF, toned"(with photo). 8)NASCA Kessler-Spangenberger sale April 28, 1981 lot 1760. It was described as "Toned Unc, with electric green, gold and violet toning on obverse, blue and gold reverse."(with photo). Other sales that I found but did not tally are as follows: 9)Tony Swicer's sale in 1992, simply described as "Unc"(no photo). 10)PCAC 70 lot 459, this is the same piece that sold in PCAC sale 68 lot 103 - "choice proof with iridescent toning"(with photo). 11)I bought a piece off of ebay a few years ago that I would probably describe as AU.

HK12 in gilt(HK12b in the 2nd edition of HK): There were two of these that I found in gilt. The first was PCAC sale 68 lot 105. It was described as AU on a thick 5.2 mm planchet with obverse edge dent at 4:00 and a reverse edge nick at 11:00, with other small digs and nicks on the reverse. This same piece also sold in PCAC sale 70 lot 461. The second piece sold in Stacks 5/6/92 sale lot 239. It was described as Choice AU, lightly hairlined, with a small spot of verdigris on "D" in "Presidency"; and the edge was scratched. It was also struck on a 5.2 mm planchet. Copper pieces are struck on 3.9 mm planchets.

HK13 to HK15: This piece appears to come in a variety of compositions and thinknesses, with thick plnchet varieties being rare. HK13 is usually described as being silver plate, but solid silver examples also exist. When Tony Swicer sold his collection in 1992 he had four silver plate HK13 pieces for sale at $30 each, but he also had a single piece for sale at $275 that he described as "13a Silver CH AU". Also, in March 2015 I did a specific gravity test on an NGC encapsulated piece that was labeled HK13A. It had a specific gravity of approximately 10.45 indicating somewhere in the neighborhood of 99 silver. A silver plate piece of mine had a specific gravity of approximately 8.8. HK15 is described in HK as being brass, but in a number of different sales catalogs I have found this piece described as gilt. At this point I do not know if they are all gilt, all brass, or perhaps come both ways. The single white metal piece that I recorded was from Paul Koppenhaver's 12/8/86 sale where it was described as "WM, unlisted, XF".

HK19: Joe Levine from his 54th PCAC sale lot#170 states: "Accompanying this piece is a folded, foxed and somewhat ragged period copy of an attestation signed by A. Loudon Snowden, Coiner of the Mint. "I certify that the Nevada Exposition Medals, prepared in this department, and this day delivered to Mr. G.G. Stevenson, Chairman of the Nevada States Board, are made of pure silver crushed from Nevada ores, at the Nevada Quartz Mill located in the Centennial Exhibition Grounds, and subsequently refined at the United States Mint"

HK19a: A copper piece was sold at the December 2008 Bill Weber auction held by Holabird-Kagin America in Reno Nevada. It sold for $7475. It may be unique. It was graded Proof 65 by NGC.

HK20: There are evidently two different die varieties of this medal. Joe Levine from his 64th PCAC sale lots#1384/1385 states: "Struck from the relatively scarce obverse die #1 which has over 40 thin rays emanating from the glory of stars at the top and also has the 1 in 1876 partially over the T in THESE".........Lot #1385: "Struck from the much more common obverse die #2 which has 27 relatively thick rays and with the 1 in the date to the right of the T in THESE"

HK20 in White Metal(HK22a in the 2nd edition of HK): Three of the four recorded sales were exactly the same piece that was sold 3 different times by Presidential Coin and Antique. With regard to this piece, Joe Levine from his 40th(Part 1) PCAC sale lot#166 states: "is pedigreed to the personal collection of Charles Barber from whose family we purchased it. One of only three known examples in white metal. Undoubtedly a trial striking"

HK23 to HK26: There are two die varieties. The basic difference is that one variety has a pointed 6 in the dates on both obverse and reverse, the other a rounded 6 both obverse and reverse. I have not seen any pieces muled with pointed sixes on one side and rounded sixes on the other, although they may exist. The silver pieces I have seen(and I have not seen many) all had pointed sixes. The Bronze/Copper(HK24, HK25) pieces come both ways, and I am not sure which is the more rare. The white metal pieces also come with either pointed or rounded sixes, with the rounded six pieces appearing to be rarer. Personally I do not make any distinction between bronze and copper. Once a nice patina has formed, it is difficult to tell anyway. In HK, the four varieties are silver(HK23), bronze(HK24), copper(HK25), and white metal(HK26). Personally, for myself, the four collectible varieties are a bit different: silver, copper/bronze, white metal, and gilt.

HK27 to HK29: Varieties exist with and without a star in between "Therof" and "Proclaim". It appears that the star variety in white metal is by far the most common, with perhaps a bit less than half being found holed. White metal pieces without a star appear to be quite rare; however it is possible that some of my tallies of white metal pieces with a star were in fact no star varieties, but probably not that many. As far as copper/bronze pieces go, my tally seems to suggest that the star and no star varieties are of similar rarity, but evidence elsewhere may suggest otherwise. I do not know if silver and brass pieces exist with and without a star.

HK34: Joe Levine from his 58th PCAC sale lot#192 states: "HK’s use of "extremely rare", while much overdone, is entirely accurate in this instance. This is the only example of this piece we have ever handled." The sole bronze piece is from the April 28th 1981 NASCA sale, lot#4015 where it was described as "Unc.-63 to 65".

HK42 to HK45: I guess the confusion regarding this piece will never go away. The new 2nd edition HK book pictures the same piece as Rulau/Fuld’s "Medallic Portraits Of Washington 2nd Edition". However, the description in the 1st edition HK book describes a different reverse (and does not show a picture). Certainly it is possible that the authors of the 1st edition HK book mistakenly described their HK42-HK45 as having the same reverse as HK23, when if fact they meant to describe it as having the same reverse as HK48, but the fact of the matter is that HK42-HK45 does exist (at least in copper/bronze) as described in the 1st edition of HK. Joe Levine of PCAC actually sold an HK43 in his sale #25 lot #1314 exactly as described in the 1st edition of HK. Paul Van Sant also sold an HK43 in his August 1997 fixed price list exactly as it is described in the 1st HK edition. A third was probably(the description was not elaborated on to be absolutely sure) sold by Charles Kirtley #160 lot#MO55. Also note that all three of these HK43s as described in the first edition were looped(possibly clamped on loops). Also, possibly two out of three, or even all three could in fact be the exact same piece. If you are looking at my web page for the 1st HK edition, the tallies represent what I found for the piece as described in the first edition of HK. If you are looking at my web page for the second HK edition, my tallies represent what I found for the other piece as pictured in Rulau/Fuld’s "Medallic Portraits of Washington". This second piece is obviously more common. The sole Baker394 piece described as Copper Nickel was from PCA #58 lot#193.

HK47 and HK47a: The first edition of HK describes HK47 as being the Reverse of HK 60 combined with the Reverse of HK27. The second edition describes it as being the Reverse of HK60 combined with THEIR Obverse of HK42(look at note above for even more confusion). I am guessing that HK47 as described in the first edition of HK is in error as I have never come across an HK47 as described in the first edition. I have come across HK47 as described in the second edition, so I am going to assume that the second edition is correct, and treat HK47 in the first edition as if it is the piece described in the second edition of HK. So the tally you are looking at in the first edition is for the piece described in the second edition. One of the bronze pieces tallied was from NASCA auction 4/28/81 lot#4022. The brass piece tallied was from NASCA auction 6/6/78 lot#3959.

HK69: There are two die varieties. The more common one is where the T of TO is directly below P of Park. On the more scarce one the T is between the P and A of Park. Both varieties are listed here together.

HK70b and HK70c: Technically speaking, using the first edition of HK as a guide, this piece probably does not qualify for inclusion, as it does not commemorate anything except George Washington. Both sides are what I would call "neutral" in nature, neither causing the piece to be included or excluded as a so called dollar. It commemorates George Washington, but purely presidential pieces were not included in the 1st HK edition. I doubt that the authors of the first edition of HK would have put this piece in their book had they had possession of it. I suppose one could make a rule that if a new piece comes to light that mules two sides of two different so called dollars, then that piece could also be included as a so called dollar, even if it does do commemorate anything; but that is not a criteria that I have used, and it does not appear to be a criteria that the original authors used. This piece is probably quite rare. I do not think it is listed anywhere in Rulau/Fuld. I did not record it’s rarity in my tally.

HK72 Brass and gilt: HK states that this piece exists in Brass, while Rulau/Fuld (Baker404) says it exists in gilt. Three separate auctioneers, Johnson and Jensen, Charles Kirtley, and Presidential Coin and Antique described pieces they were selling as being gilt copper. In fact, Presidential Coin and Antique auction #59 lot #838 describes this piece as "HK72 Same as above, but gilt (unlisted thus). "In other auction catalogs this piece is described as Brass, so in fact maybe it exists both ways. Gilt and brass pieces are of course sometimes confused with each other.

HK72c: The sole silver piece recorded here was from the 4/28//81 NASCA sale lot#4028 where it was described as Unc.-63. The sole brass piece was from the 6/6/78 NASCA sale lot#3960, and had an incused number 1 next to the small "No" at the bottom on the reverse. There were four other pieces from this same sale with different obverses, but the same reverse and the same incused number 1, all thought to have been part of a unique presentation set. All five pieces were in Unc condition with reeded edges.

HK73: There is no picture of this piece in either HK edition. A picture can be found in the May 6, 1992 Stacks sale of the Gilbert Steinberg collection lot# 290. The American Numismatic Society in New York evidently has one in copper.

HK74 to HK79: The images of HK74 through HK79 in the newer 2nd edition of HK show all three varieties of the rectangular painting of Congress by Trumbull as found on so called dollars. Two of these images were missing in the 1st HK edition. For larger images of these pieces Click Here. HK75 - HK77 has "Demarest. SC." below in tiny lettering. This is the variety that is not pictured in either the 1st edition of HK or Rulau/Fuld. The other two varieties have "Demarest. SC." omitted. The most obvious difference between these is a man standing in the distance just to the right of the right window (actually a door in the original painting) of HK74. This man is missing in HK78/79. I combined my tallies of HK78 - HK79 with HK75 - HK77, as the two were often not distinguished from each other in auction catalogs. Also, I have combined tallies of HK76 and HK77 as the difference between white metal and pewter might be negligible.

HK80a: Tallies for HK80a are combined with HK80. This variety is not listed in the 1st HK edition.

HK85 and HK86: Joe Levine from his 74th PCAC sale lot#228 states: "HK catalogs this piece(and HK 85, its black gutta percha brother) as just a composition variation of HK 83 & 84. It is not! HK 83-4 is 41mm while HK 85-6 is only 38mm. In addition, 85-6 is struck from both different obverse and reverse dies. The inscriptions are the same as 83-4, but the letter positioning is different."

HK114: Joe Levine from his 39th PCAC sale lot#618 states: "HK erroneously attributes this to the 1876 Centennial period. It is a good bit earlier" The 2nd edition of HK also includes Baker264F and Baker264G. I did not tally either one of these pieces.

HK119: I have never found this piece in silver or silver plate as listed in both editions of HK. It is almost always found in bronze. The only white metal piece I found was from Johnson & Jensen sale #9 lot#1019 where it was described as: "(HK119a. Unlisted) Battle of Saratoga Monument Medal (circa 1877); white metal (unlisted as such). Bright AU". The ANS in New York also has one in white metal.

HK120: Joe Levine from his 58th PCAC sale lot#196 states: "In addition to the strikings in Bronze and White Metal as cataloged in HK, this piece was also struck in Silver, Brass, Gilt and Gold. 7 pieces were struck in gold for presentation to the First Lady, Mrs. Hayes, and others, and the dies were destroyed. A note in 13AJN 23 states that the dies were cut by Mr. Morgan". The nickel piece that I have listed here is from Johnson and Jensen sale #9 lot#1026 where it was described as "nickel (nonmagnetic)". Also, there were three silver plated pieces that I found from two Presidential sales and one Charles Kirtley sale.

HK125: Joe Levine from his 58th PCAC sale lot#197 states: "Accompanying this piece is an extract entitled, A Centennial Souvenir from the New London Telegram describing this medal and stating that the strikings were made in White Metal, Bronze and Silver from a design approved by the Groton Heights Centennial Committee"

HK127 in White Metal(HK127a in the 2nd edition of HK): The only White Metal one of these I found was from Charles Kirtley sale #10 lot#722 where it was described as "H&K UNLISTED. Similar to H&K 127 but with slightly different dies on both sides. Also unlisted by Baker. Rare. White Metal. CH AU-55" There was no picture.

HK135a Copper-plated: The 2nd HK edition lists this piece as being copper plated, but Rich Hartzog and Joe Levine of Presidential Coin and Antique both described it as being copper in their auction catalogs. I do not know which description is correct, or if both are.

HK136 in Silver: Of the ten sales tallied, it appears that most were different pieces. The ten sales were as follows:1)Johnson & Jensen 9/16/79 lot 591. Part of a boxed set of three medals including one in silver. Described as obverse having slight nicks and reverse perfect. Was not graded specifically, but all three pieces were graded overall VF-AU. No photo 2)PCAC 6/25/88 lot 76. Described as choice about uncirculated with uneven blue & rose toning. No photo 3)PCAC 12/2/89 lot 280. Described as choice uncirculated with attractive pale gold and turquoise toning, and the choicest of the two specimens owned by Paul Magriel. No photo. This piece sold once again at the 12/8/90 PCAC sale lot 251, with photo. 4)PCAC 6/25/94 lot 146. Described as Choice uncirculated with attractively toned and proof surfaces. It was originally bought from Tony Swicer who noted that it was Ex-Dreyfuss, #5449. With photo. 5)Dick Grinolds 6/9/98 lot 1086. Described as xf+++-au with a small rim bump at 9:00 obverse. With photo. 6)PCAC 11/13/99 lot 339. Described as Choice deeply toned about uncirculated. With photo. This same piece also sold in PCAC 12/1/01 lot 471. This latter sale was after year 2000 so was not added into population numbers. 7)Bob Slawsky 12/1/99 lot 927. Described as Proof with light orange toning. With photo that appears to show some hairlines on the obverse field. 8) NASCA 6/6/78 lot 3810. Described as AU with beautiful iridescent toning. 9) NASCA 4/28/81 lot 1764. Described as Prooflike Choice AU with light golden toning, violet reverse, with prooflike fields and frosty devices and rims, edge bruise 1:00, minor contact marks.

HK139 in Silvered Brass: This single piece is from Charles Kirtley sale #30 where it was described as: "This U.S. medal is struck in silver washed brass. Unlisted as such. Prooflike UNC-60...."

HK143c: I have never seen this piece without a hole. Hopefully at least one exists somewhere without a hole.

HK144c: I have found three of these in old auction catalogs: 1) Charles Kirtley sale #60 lot#C508 with no mention of a hole and no picture. 2) Johnson & Jensen #19 lot#558 described as having a brass eagle suspender. No picture. 3) Christensen and Stone sale April 30,1975 lot #7 with no mention of a hole and no picture (no pieces from Christensen and Stone sales were included in any of my tallies which is why I only have two tallies for this piece in my population study). The American Numismatic Society in New York evidently has two of these in copper/bronze.

HK152 in gilt White Metal: This single piece that I located was from Presidential Coin and Antique sale #60 lot 917, described as "UNLISTED. SAME, as above but struck in gilt white metal. XF/AU. Thick (4.6mm) Planchet." It is possible that this is in fact the "Brass" piece(HK152) that the original authors of HK were referring to.

HK154/HK155 in Silver: There is no question that these pieces exist in silver. Two sales of HK154 in silver that were both described as VF30(and probably the same piece) were Charles Kirtley sale #26 lot#224(with photo), and the October 14, 1989 Charles Kirtley sale of the William H. Hale collection(lot#047A). Obviously a piece in VF condition would show through underlying medal if it were plated. Another HK154 in silver was sold by Paul Koppenhaver in October of 1996 lot#25. He described it as "Irridescently toned prooflike Abt Unc. But with some obv/rev rim mishandling marks. The only rim marks worth noting are (2) obv2:30 o’clock and a lesser on 8:30 o’clock. But this is extremely rare in silver and likely given to a senior Expo Official. The 1st we’ve handled and 2nd we’ve seen in decades in this hobby. The former owner valued it at $425 and he’s probably not far off". For HK155 in silver, I know of two sales. One was Charles Kirtley sale #89 lot#2188 described as EF-45(with photo). The other was Johnson & Jensen sale #9 lot#1056 described as AU.

HK155 in Aluminum: May not exist in Aluminum.

HK159a: This piece is listed in the 2nd HK edition as having the same reverse as HK159, but there are a number of differences, most obvious of which is the order of the listing of the five adjectives. The obverse of HK159a has the same obverse as HK236a. As a matter of fact, the reverse die of HK159a is actually larger than the reverse die of HK159 even though they are very similar in design. The HK159 that I own measures 34.4mm in diameter. An HK236a that I have measures 37mm. I also have a mule of the reverse of HK236a combined withe reverse of HK159a. It also measures 37mm in diameter. When I compare the reverse of my HK159 with my mule that has the reverse of HK159a, it is obvious to the eye that the reverse die of HK159a is larger than the reverse die of HK159 - by about 2.5mm. I have never found a HK159a before the publishing of the 2nd edition of HK. The HK 2nd edition lists HK159a as being R4 in rarity. I would say that it is quite a bit more rare than that. The reverse of HK159a is an especially rare "ALUMINUM" reverse. HK159a should probably have been more properly placed after HK236a in the second edition of HK as a variety of HK236a.

HK162a AL: In the 2nd edition of HK the obverse of HK162a is very similar to the reverse of HK171. The ornamental designs between the four outer circles of the obverse of HK162a are replaced by "grass-like" extensions on the reverse of HK171. Also note that the flag flies in different directions on the Administration building. I do not know if the aluminum reverse of HK162a also comes muled with the reverse of HK171. My tally figures for this piece include those pieces that I found that match HK162a, but may also include pieces that would match the obverse of HK162a muled with the reverse of HK171.

HK163: HK163 has always appeared to me to be the same as HK161. I have never found any piece in any auction/sales catalog that was described or listed as HK163, so in fact maybe they are the same.

HK170: Exists with "Height" spelled correctly and with "Height" misspelled "Heigth". My tally numbers for both varieties are combined.

Palace Dollars: I did a little study recently using my tallies for World Columbian palace dollars(HK176 - HK203). I found a grand total of 372. By amazing luck or whatever, I found a total of 159 described as brass(gilt?), and EXACTLY the same number of aluminum pieces for a total of 318. Of the remaining 54 pieces(372 minus 318), 40 were described as silver plate or occasionally silver, and 14 were described as copper or bronze. What was interesting was when I looked at the tallies of brass verses aluminum of all pieces with the portrait of Columbus on one side vs those that might be called mules of reverses(HK177a, 181a, 183a, 185a, 192, and 203). I found 133 portrait pieces in brass and 99 aluminum portrait pieces, so the brass portrait pieces were about 30 percent more common than the aluminum. On the other hand I found only 26 of the mules in brass, vs 60 in aluminum. So the mules seem to be more common in aluminum, the portrait pieces more common in brass. Also, the mules were obviously not done randomly or willy nilly. Each reverse was paired with another specific reverse but no other - the Administration Building with the Fisheries, the Horticultural Building with the Forestry/Transportation etc etc, for a total 6 pairings of all 12 reverses. Overall, the mules and portrait pieces appear to be equally rare. Silver plated(silver?-read below) pieces were rarer. Copper pieces were the rarest, but copper, bronze and brass can be confused with each other if worn or with patinas. Another thing is that many brass pieces could in fact be gilt. At this pint I do not know for sure. In some cases I have tallied together those described as brass with those described as gilt; other times I have kept them separate.

Exhibition Palace Dollars in Silver Plate or Silver: Another area of confusion is whether some Exhibition Palace Dollars exist in solid silver, or if all are in fact silver plate. There is no question that many, if not all exist in silver plate. I have a silver plated example in uncirculated condition where a large patch of plating has completely come off revealing the underlying metal. If it was not for the plating coming off, it could very easily pass for solid silver. The William Hale collection of Columbian Expo medals sold by Charles Kirtley on October 14, 1989 lists a number of Exhibition Palace dollars in both silver, and what he describes as "silver washed brass". It is possible that those he described as silver were in fact silver plate, and that the ones he described as "silver washed brass" were pieces that were more lightly silvered after striking. Also, in the HK 1st edition, a few Exhibition Palace dollars were described as being made of silver, but none described as silver plate. As we know that many if not all exist in silver plate, this leads to the strong possibility that those listed as silver were also in fact all silver plate. Also, in 1992, Tony Swicer sold a number of Exhibition Palace dollars. He described two as being silver, but none were listed as silver plate. Once again, those that he listed in silver may have been plated. Thus, all of my tallies for Exhibition Palace dollars in silver, may in fact have all been silver plated, with most if not all silver plated BRASS as the 2nd HK edition states. But who knows, with specific gravity testing, maybe some will eventually be found to be solid silver.

HK205: My original tally for this piece was 6 total. Unfortunately I did not tally in 8 other pieces that were sometimes described in various sales catalogs as being "unlisted - Reverse of HK168 combined with the Reverse of HK171". These pieces were in fact not unlisted at all, but were in fact HK205 pieces. The first edition of HK did not have a picture of HK205, but did have pictures of HK168 and HK171 in close proximity to each other, which is why sellers were sometimes in error. At any rate, I have now tallied there pieces in properly for a total of 14 pieces. As I looked through sales catalogs, I found other HK numbers that were also sometimes mistakenly described in the same way, but I can assure you that I did not make the same mistake with those that I made with this piece. Anyway, I am sorry if my original tally was misleading. World Columbian pieces are especially confusing because of all the die combinations.

HK213: Comes in two varieties; one with copyright wording, and one without.

HK220-HK222: These pieces come in high and low relief. The high relief pieces are widely known to come in aluminum, gilt, and bronze, with the aluminum ones being the most common. They are quite attractive and are very often found in high grade. In high relief this piece is also known in silver, but is quite rare. Barry Friedman sold one on ebay a few years back. I have never handled one of these, but the picture of Barry Friedman’s piece on ebay was quite convincing. The sole high relief example in white metal that I recorded was from Charles Kirtley sale #154 lot#Y083 where it was described as "same(HK222) but white metal. AU-55 in box. Box is broken". In low relief this piece is found in aluminum, and is rarer than the high relief variety in aluminum. Low relief pieces also may exist in other metals and are extremely rare as such. When Tony Swicer sold his collection in 1992 he listed five pieces in five different metals that he described as being like HK220-222 but with "similar dies". I am guessing (but I am not sure so I did not list them)that what he meant by "similar dies" was that they were all of the low relief variety. The five that he sold were aluminum, gilt, bronze, silverplate, and silver. The new 2nd edition of HK lists the bronze piece as HK220a. Lastly, it is possible that my tally of HK222 in low relief (HK222a in the new edition)is a bit on the low side due to the fact that a few of the low relief examples that I found may have been tallied with the high relief examples. Nevertheless there is still no doubt that the low relief variety is rarer than the high relief variety.

HK230 Bronze: Two bronze pieces from Charles Kirtley sale 10/14/89(lots#025 and #026) were described as being struck on a 2.5mm and 3.5mm planchets.

HK235: The first edition of HK describes the obverse of HK235 as having the same the obverse of HK234. The second edition of HK describes and shows HK235 as having the same obverse as HK236. My tallies for the first edition of HK are for HK235 as described in the first edition. My tallies for the second edition of HK are for HK235 as shown in the second edition of HK. Both tallies are similar, so I guess it is of no consequence anyway. But it could be that sellers also got the two pieces confused, so my tallies may not truly reflect their relative rarities.

HK241: Two different die varieties both included in same tally figures.

HK268: The single copper piece is from PCAC sale #58 lot #984. It was described as "....struck in Copper. R&B Unc. Unlisted in this metal. "The silvered piece was from PCAC sale #49 lot#768, and was described as "Rare variety that is silvered rather than gilt. Uncirculated, with mottled toning. The first we have seen silvered".

HK274 in Silver: The only one of these I found in silver was from PCAC sale #45 lot#1128. It was described as "HK-274. Tennessee Centennial Expo Official Medal. In Silver. AU. Struck by U.S. Mint."

HK278 and HK278a in the 2nd edition of HK: More common in white metal, but difficult to find unholed. The sole bronze example I found was from PCAC sale #68 lot#1351 where it was described as "HK 278. 35mm. Chocolate Bronze Unc...."

HK283: Six of the total here were described as gilt. In fact, all brass pieces could be gilt.

HK284 in Silver: One of these in silver sold in PCAC sale #78 lot#184. It was described as "Hairlined About Uncirculated" and "From the Wayte Raymond Sale, #4155. We know of no other example."

HK289: Like HK281, most if not all may in fact be gilt.

HK292: The gilt and copper pieces were from PCAC sale#58 lot#1007 and lot#1008. The gilt piece was described as "....struck in gilt copper. Choice AU.". The copper piece was described as "....struck without being silvered or gilded. Choice R&B AU."

HK300 and HK304: I am not sure why the authors of HK made two separate entries for gold plate and gilt. HK300 and HK304 are probably the same.

HK305 and HK306: Statements in HK seem to coincide pretty well with numbers that I found. HK states that less than 25,000 of the round ones were sold to the public, but that a full 25,000 of the octagonal ones were later sold to dealers. Obviously the number of round ones sold was considerably less than 25,000 if in fact there were a full 25,000 of the octagonal ones sold. Also, the octagonal ones are usually found in nicer condition. This also makes sense if in fact the round ones were sold to the public, while the octagonal ones were sold to dealers sometime later. Of the 119 octagonal pieces that I located, only 15 were graded below AU. Of the 37 round ones that I found, 21 were graded below AU, a much higher percentage.

HK308: Recently(March 2013) I did some specific gravity testing of a number of my silver so called dollars. I happened to have two HK308s to test. Of course I expected the testing of both to come out similar. Well, such was not the case. To start with one weighed a little over 23 grams. The other weighed a bit over 27 grams. The specific gravity test on the 23 gram piece came out to very near 10.5, which would indicate pure silver, and indeed that matched a tiny punch on the edge that read "SILBER 0.990", or 99% silver. Then I did the same test on the 27 gram piece. It came out with a specific gravity of slightly over 10.3, which would indicate something similar to coin silver. Sure enough when I looked at the edge of the second piece, it read "SILBER 0.900 " or 90% silver. Thus, there are two varieties of this piece. I have no idea which is rarer. They were both 38.2mm. The 27 gram piece is thicker. These were made in Germany, thus the use of the word "silber". IMAGE

HK313: In the 2nd edition of HK, the plain and reeded edge pieces are given the separate designations of HK313 in brass and HK313a in gilt. My tally for this piece includes both varieties combined.

HK328: I have kept HK328ant-S(Antiqued silver) and HK328 spl(Silverplate) as separate entries, but in fact it may be that many of the pieces entered as silver are in fact silverplate.

HK332 and HK332a: All of the Government Building Dollars from the Lewis and Clark Expo are confusing, but at this point in time it appears that the larger variety (38mm) may be especially so. It looks as if HK332 and HK332a may actually be two different varieties. Click here to go to John Gilbert’s website and read about Trantow 4b and Trantow 4c. The biggest difference is that HK332 has "Lewis AND Clark" around above, while HK332a has "Lewis & Clark" around above. Also both reverses are slightly different. One has a period after "Oregon". The other does not.

HK334: The Washington State reverse is found muled with two different obverse die varieties. One variety has "Lewis and Clark". The other variety has "Lewis & Clark". My tally numbers are a combined total of both varieties.

HK335 to HK338: US Mint figures state that there were a total of 250 silver proof pieces minted, and the same number of gold plated pieces minted; but there is no question that today the gold plated pieces are considerably rarer. The mintage of the silver proof pieces was probably higher than the stated Mint figures, but not anywhere near as high as the oxidized silver(HK336 - 4200 mintage) and bronze(HK338 - 6250 mintage) pieces.

HK344 and HK345: It may be that some pieces thought to be silver may in fact be silver plated, and visa verso.

HK349: Different die varieties exist. Population numbers include all varieties. The sole nickel plated piece that I found was from Charles Kirtley sale #89 lot#2361. It was described as "Like H&K 349, but NI pl....in CH AU".

HK349a: I did not tally this piece, so I have no idea as to how rare it is.

HK350 in Gold Plate or Brass: I found one of these described as "gold plated"(Stephen Alpert sale #54 lot#1146), and another described as Brass(Christensen and Stone 4/30/75 lot #26). The second piece was not tallied into my population study, as were any other pieces from the Christensen and Stone sales.

HK351: Exists with and without dots before and after "To Pacific Coast". Tally numbers include both varieties. A note about the no dot variety is included in the description of HK352b in both editions of HK.

HK353: There is some question as to whether these are silver or silver plate. Personally I believe they(or at least most) are solid silver. The worn ones that I have seen did not show any base metal through the plating. There were a few pieces in catalogs that I went through that were described as being silver plated. Their tally numbers are combined with HK353.

HK357: All pieces that I have come across have either been fobbed or with fob removed. The piece in the 2nd edition of HK looks unlooped, but I would not be surprised if it also had the loop removed. There are also other varieties of this piece, including one with a bust of Seward on the obverse, and also some extremely rare "palace dollars". I have never seen any of these varieties without a fob or fob removed. The silver listing here is for a piece that came up on ebay in February 2011 that was silver and had an incuse "sterling" in the lower reverse field. Click Here for examples.

HK358: When I first bought one of these I thought that it had impaired luster, possibly having been over dipped or maybe even put through some sort of an acid bath. The luster was poor and upon close examination the surfaces had a matt-like appearance on all of the fields and devices. Sometime later I took possession of a second one. It had the same kind of surfaces as the first one. So I am guessing these pieces tend to have poor luster. This is in contrast to HK359 which often shows attractive copper luster. The edges of both silver pieces were nice and smooth with sharp rims, similar to the copper pieces. The "STERLING" stamped on these pieces is in a slightly different position on each piece, and so, as you would expect, were no doubt stamped after striking. HK358 is quite rare. Even where I am from in the Pacific Northwest, these pieces rarely come up for sale.

HK359 in Silver: NGC has evidently encapsulated a silver one of these with the reverse of an HK359, not the reverse of HK358.

HK360: Different die varieties evidently exist. All are combined into the same numbers tallied.

HK361: Joe Levine from his 56th PCAC sale lot#151 states: "We note in the HK description and in the photo of HK 361, that on the lower right edge of the reverse there appears the numerals "900". This marking usually denotes the purity of the precious metal content of the item. Query: Did HK mistakenly identify the metal of their piece as Bronze, or did even bronze examples have this "900" on the die that struck them? We suspect, without really knowing that all pieces are in Silver. The only other known example of HK 361 we have ever seen, (Middendorf Sale, #253) was also in silver (not gilded). That piece brought an impressive $577.50, attesting to its true rarity."

HK364: In the first edition of HK the obverse of this piece was described as "Obv. Same as No. 353" which would suggest that the correct obverse of HK364 is the OBVERSE of HK353; but in the second edition of HK, the obverse of HK364 is shown as the REVERSE of HK353. At one time I thought that the second edition was correct, but recently at a show in Seattle I found an HK364 as suggested in the first edition of HK. The tally that I have for this piece may very well include both types. Both varieties of HK364 are a bit of a unique problem with regard to what should be included as a so called dollar. They are both 32.1 mm in diameter, the same diameter as HK353-HK356. This makes all three of these types(HK353-HK356, HK364 first edition, HK364 second edition) the smallest medals in HK and also distinctly under the 33 mm diameter minimum that so called dollars are suppose to be(if you really want to split hairs here, the absolute minimum diameter of a so called dollar should be 32.5 or 32.6 mm which rounded off to the nearest whole millimeter would be 33 mm). I am sure the reason that the original authors broke their rules here was due to the fact that HK363 is a US mint product AND an official medal of a worlds fair. The problem was that this left the barn door open a crack for other undersized pieces. And sure enough both HK364(first edition), and HK364(second edition) are also allowed in. The authors may not have even been aware of the second HK364 type. But anyway, so what. Traditionally all three types have been included as so called dollars. Personally I do not see why that has to change. Maybe someday if someone puts together a so called half dollar reference, these pieces could be included too. Also, one last note here. The reverse of HK364 is quite similar to the reverse of HK366a in the second edition, but there are differences. The reverse of HK366a has beading around the rim and a period before "U" of U.S. Also, HK366a is larger than HK364.

HK366a: HK366a is listed in the 2nd edition of HK, but not the first. It is possible that in a few of the auction catalogs that I looked through HK366a was described as being HK365 or HK366, and thus I would have tallied it with one of them; thus HK366a may not be quite as rare as my tally would indicate. Nevertheless, it is still rarer in my view than either HK365 or HK366. There are also two other varieties of HK365 - HK366 - HK366a that I know of that are not listed in either edition of HK. Both of them appear to be as rare as HK366a. One of them has seventeen rays on the obverse, combined with the reverse of HK366. The other has eight rays on the obverse and twelve flags along the top of the building on the reverse.

HK369: My numbers for HK369 (HK369 and HK369a in the second edition) are combined to include those with "Med. Art Co." on the edge, and those without. I do not know which is more common. I have always felt that the mintage numbers of this piece as stated in both HK and Delorey were low. HK states "less than 75", Delorey states "between 50 and 100". Although certainly not common, the numbers that I found suggest a higher mintage. The fact that some come with, and some come without "Med. Art Co" on the edge obviously suggests different strikings. Those with "Med. Art Co" on the edge were one of the first medals struck by the Medallic Art Company.

HK369 in Bronze: Delorey lists this piece as being unique, but Joe Levine from his June 25, 1988 PCAC sale, lot 199 states "we have handled only one other". PCAC also sold one in their sale #70 lot#482. Tony Swicer sold one in his 1992 sale (I did not tally this piece into my study). There was evidently a fourth sale that I located and tallied, but I did not record where I saw it. Tony Swicer’s piece was listed as Unc while Joe Levine’s two sales were described as being AU. Thus, although it is possible that some of these pieces were the same piece, it is unlikely that all four pieces were the same. Both of the PCAC sales were without the Medallic Art Company edgemark. Tony Swicer's sale makes no mention of an edgemark either way.

HK370: HK states that fewer than 200 of these were struck, but Delorey states: "a total of 205 pieces appeared in seven lots in Elder’s 12-13-29 sale". Delorey also mentions that Thomas Elder seemed to never throw anything away, which might explain the existence of these dies years later. From my tally I would say it is pretty obvious that there are more than 200 in existence.

HK379: Joe Levine from Part 1 of his 38th PCAC sale lot#132 writes: "HK comments that "research fails to establish origin of these issues." That mystery is now solved, for this silver medal is suspended from a blue, white and orange ribbon which is attached to a silver top bar inscribed COMMISSION. The medal is housed in a leather box lettered, THE HUDSON-FULTON CELEBRATION COMMISSION. Struck by the Medallic Art Company..."

HK390 in White Metal: May not exist - read Delorey#78

HK398: These pieces evidently have a mintage of 50,000, virtually all of which are serially numbered; but finding any with a serial number above 25,000 or so is extremely difficult if not impossible. Although this piece is somewhat common, the total that I located do not suggest an availability number as high as 50,000. HK states that "Disposition of issue, following passage through canal, is not known.....". I have never heard or read anything about where the rest of the mintage could be if in fact they exist at all. Occasionally these pieces can be found with a box. PCAC sale 50 had three such pieces (lots 898, 900, and 901). One box was described as "original uninscribed cardboard box of issue". The other two boxes were no doubt the same. HK398 goes for a premium when found with a low serial number. In the 2nd edition of HK, a new entry was created for pieces that are marked "specimen" where the serial number is usually located. I ran across two of these. One was Stephen Alpert sale 57 lot 1670. The other was Charles Kirtley sale 21 lot 1227. The 2nd edition of HK also made a new entry for pieces found without any serial number. I believe (but I am not positive) that the only one of these that I found was from Tony Swicer’s sale in 1992 where it was described as "398a Silverplate No Serial #"

HK402: When the first edition of HK was published in the early 1960s, this medal was quite rare. But then a year or two later many others began to appear on the market, all looking very much like the originals. Thus today this medal is much more common. To distinguish between the originals and the restrikes, look at the six curls below the date on the reverse. On the restrikes the far right curl looks as if it was retooled. It is thicker than the far left curl and with a few added retooling flaws.

HK416a: This piece is found in the 2nd edition of HK, but not the 1st edition. I found two sales of this piece, both in aluminum. One sale was Kurt Krueger sale #142 lot#2907. The other was Christian and Stone sale from 10/31/68 lot#289. The Christian and Stone example was not entered into my tally. I have never found any in copper. Prior to the 2nd HK edition, I had never actually seen one. It is interesting to note the die crack in the example shown in the 2nd edition of HK.

HK423: The single HK423 listed in gold is from a Kurt Krueger sale, July 8 1985 lot #4025. It was described as follows: "1915 California Souvenir State Dollar. Like HK-423, except 14K gold. Unlisted rarity. AU-50. Ex H.O. Granberg! (PLATE) ". The PLATE photo is small but there is no question that it is an octagonal slug. Both of the silver plated pieces that I found are from 2 Presidential sales: PCAC #59 lot#1206 was described as "HK 423 But Silver Plated. PPIE Octagonal Dollar. XF". The other was PCAC #46 lot#821 described as "HK-423 but silver plated. Type II Octagonal Dollar. XF, very weakly struck on the obverse as usual." Within this same description Joe Levine also poses the following question, "(Querry: Do any genuine silver pieces exist or are they all silver plated?)". I also recorded one piece that was described as solid silver, but I did not record where I found it.

HK449 and HK450: The numbers of these that I found seem to match known mintage figures reasonably well. Many of these were thrown into the ocean and recovered later. The copper ones are especially hard to locate without salt water damage. Of the 61 copper ones that I located, only 10 were described as being strictly AU or better, with more than half being described as VF or worse due to salt water damage. Of the 49 silver pieces that I located, 26 were described as AU or better; 15 described as being VF or worse. Five of these were minted in gold (HK1031), and only very rarely come on the market. This piece can also be found in gilt. There were two of these gilt pieces sold on ebay a number of years ago, and I bought one of them. The piece that I own has surfaces that have a bit of a matte look to them. There is a bagmark on the forehead, and under a glass it looks as if the matte-like gilt surface extends down into the bagmark; so obviously the piece was plated after it was struck. It has no saltwater damage. At this time I do not know what the underlying metal is. I have no idea as to the origins of these gilt pieces. Obviously they may have been gilded in order to imitate the gold pieces, but I doubt that they were ever made to deceive anyone, as they are not very convincing.

HK452 in gilt Copper: I found two of these. The first was from Christensen and Stone April 30, 1975 lot #30(not in my tally, as is true with all pieces from Christensen and Stone sales) described as "1926 Philadelphia, U.S. Sesqui. Official medal in very high relief. HK451, copper with gilt finish. UNC". The second was Johnson & Jensen #15 and 16 lot#1507 that was simply described as "HK452....bronze gilt. Worn. EF"

HK457:The three pieces recorded here in bronze and brass were from two different sales. The first was PCAC sale #58 lots 1120 through 1123 where the first two lots were two gilt HK457s as described in HK, and the last two(lots #1122 and #1123) were described as "SAME as above, but struck in ungilded Bronze. AU.", and "SAME as above, but struck in Brass. XF.". The third piece in Bronze was from the 12/8/86 Paul Koppenhaver sale lot 374 where it was described as "listed as Gilt but this piece has never been gilt; it is even colored dark bronze, XF". The entry in lead was from the September 24, 1978 Christensen and Stone sale lot #668 described as a "Lead trial piece. G/VG Rare".

HK460 in gilt: No Medallic Art Co on Edge.

HK465 and HK466: Beware of modern restrikes made quite recently(2015).

HK469: For the sake of anyone who still might be using the 1st edition of HK, there are smaller pieces(both 31.9mm in diameter) that can sometimes be confused with HK469 and HK474(both 32.7mm in diameter). These smaller pieces have been included in the 2nd edition of HK. Read my comment on HK469a and HK474a. Click here for images Also, HK states that the reverse of HK469 is "SIMILAR to the reverse of No. 474". To eliminate any doubt here, the reverse of HK469 is EXACTLY the same as the reverse of HK474. The 2nd edition of HK has images of both pieces.

HK469a and HK474a: It is my view that neither one of these pieces should have been included in the 2nd edition of HK. Click here for images They both measure 31.9mm in diameter, and are thus too small for inclusion. It makes no difference that they are similar in design to both HK469 and HK474. The only piece in the 1st edition of HK that was close to this size, at 32.1mm, was HK353/HK356, but the authors of the first edition no doubt decided to include it because it was BOTH an official medal of a major worlds fair AND a product of the US mint. HK469a and HK474a has neither of these attributes. HK469 and HK474 are also slightly undersized, measuring 32.7 mm in diameter; but one can at least argue that their diameters can be rounded off to the nearest whole millimeter figure of 33mm. Including HK469a and HK474a opens up a rather big can of worms that could justify the inclusion of other undersized pieces. They are so called HALF dollars, not so called dollars.

HK470a: It appears that I did not find this piece even once in old auction/sales catalogs; however I have seen this piece pop up on ebay occasionally, so although it is certainly much rarer than HK470, it is probably not quite as rare as my tally of zero would indicate.

HK473b: This piece is the same as HK473 but with an added "DOW METAL" within a narrow diamond on the reverse die.

HK474: For the sake of anyone who still might be using the 1st edition of HK, there are smaller pieces(both 31.9mm in diameter) that can sometimes be confused with HK469 and HK474(both 32.7mm in diameter). These smaller pieces have been included in the 2nd edition of HK. Read my comment on HK469a and HK474a. Click here for images

HK476/HK477: So why did the authors of the 1st edition of HK include this piece in their book when it is probably always found holed? I haven’t a clue!!!

HK487 to HK490: (Revised 2013). My tallies for these pieces may not be entirely accurate, as the catalogs that I looked through to obtain my tallies very often did not have accurate enough descriptions for me to know exactly which variety was being sold. Charbneau dollars are actually quite confusing, occurring in different varieties, metals, platings, and counerstamps. The 2nd edition of HK does a much better job than the 1st edition in describing these pieces, but if you want the best and most complete descriptions, you can buy the excellent recently published book on the subject by Jeff Shevlin and Bill Hyder Click here if interested. Another option is to somehow get a copy of the December 2008 Bill Weber auction catalog held in Reno Nevada by Holabird-Kagin America. Amazingly, as these pieces are all quite rare, only number J2 was missing from the sale(If you have a copy of the catalog, lot 10443 was mis-numbered as being number J2. It was actually number J3, so number J2 was the only one missing from the sale). There was even an unplated copper piece, the first one I ever saw. There were however two Charbneau dollars that I know of that were not in the sale and ALSO not given number designations. One was the extremely rare platinum piece(HK1033 - I have never heard of or seen one). The other is a silver plated copper piece that I bought in an old collection a number of years ago. It has the same obverse and reverse as the copper and gilt copper pieces, with a stippled obverse field. Lastly, Charbneau dollars are occasionally found with original boxes, with a pair of them to a box.

HK493: These gold tokens also exist dated 1910 and 1927. All three dated varieties(1910, 1927, 1939) can be found as gold restrikes. The gold restrikes can be distinguished by the "1" in the date. With the restrikes, the "1" looks more like a capital "I". There is also a 1927 restrike made from polished dies where some of the outer design of the head of Lincoln has been polished away.

HK506b: I did not tally this piece as it is a "college" medal. Purely school and college medals were supposedly excluded from the 1st edition of HK. This piece was evidently minted under the authority of the American Commemorative Society, the same organization responsible for HK 506 and HK506a.

HK509: My tally number for HK509 in copper is 173. This is high for a mintage of only 5,000 (as stated in HK). This population number includes two full unc rolls(100 pieces) sold in two PCAC sales(PCA #69 lot 1187 and PCA #60 lot 981). Subtracting these pieces would bring the number down to 73, which, relatively speaking is probably a more reasonable figure for a mintage of 5,000. There must have been quite a few of these pieces recently released, as just under four unc rolls(198 pieces total) were sold on ebay a few years ago all at the same time. HK509 also exists more rarely in other metals. I found two in brass: PCAC sale #49 lot#844 and PCAC sale #56 lot#1258. Both pieces were listed as "....but stuck in Brass, and thus unlisted". I have never located one of these in bronze, but did located two that were described as gilt bronze from PCAC sale #48 lot#1005, and PCAC sale #52 lot#952. I also found these pieces described as being silver or silver plate. The two pieces described as silver were from PCAC sale #52 lot#953 and Johnson & Jensen sale # 9 lot#1357. I located two pieces in silver plate, and occasionally see one come up for sale on ebay described as such. Verification is needed to determine if both silver and silver plate pieces exist.

HK528 to HK537: The stated mintage figures of these pieces coincide reasonably well with the numbers that I located. My feeling is that the mintage figures are quite accurate. It makes me wonder about the validity of stated mintage figures for some so called dollars where mintage numbers do not coincide with numbers found. Click here for an analysis of how my tallies of these pieces correspond to known mintages.

HK543/HK543a: Things are a bit confused here. The 2nd edition of HK shows a VARIETY of HK543 that is pictured in the 1st edition. Both of these pieces share the same reverse, but have different obverses. As far as I know, the piece that is pictured in the 1st edition is only found in nickel silver, just as both HK editions describe it, so my tally for HK543 represents what I found for the piece that is pictured in the 1st edition of HK, NOT what is pictured in the second edition. In fact it is possible that the piece pictured in the 2nd edition of HK does not come in nickel silver at all. My tally for the piece shown in the 2nd edition of HK is shown with HK543a in my study. I have only found two examples of HK543a. One was off ebay(not included in my tally) that was holed(the exact same piece that is pictured in the 2nd edition??), and another from Paul Koppenhaver sale June 3rd 1978 lot #683 that was described as Bronze, just as the 2nd edition of HK describes it. There was no mention of a hole.

HK545 and HK546: Beware of the possibility of modern restrikes using the original dies in gold and silver and possibly other metals. They may be edge marked as to fineness.

HK575 and HK576: I found 8 of these in silver which I guess is about right (maybe a bit low) for a mintage of 300. I have also seen the silver pieces on ebay occasionally. HK states that two thirds of the bronze pieces were made with loops, but of the 44 that I found, only 7 were described as having loops or loops removed. I have no explanation for this discrepancy.

HK577: HK states a mintage of 65,000, all of which were evidently sold. The ten of these that I found would suggest a mintage of considerably less. HK suggests that these pieces were scarce at the time that HK was published, probably due to them being sold and then stored away by boy scouts soon before the publication of HK. The truth is, right from the beginning there may have been a lot less than 65,000. It has been nearly fifty years since these pieces were released, so they should be more available. They show up on ebay occasionally though, so maybe my number of ten is a bit low, for whatever reason.

HK579 to HK581: The numbers of HK579, HK580, and HK581 that I found going through old catalogs do not jive with the mintage figures as stated in HK. I have definitely seen more of these show up on ebay, but still not at anywhere near the frequency that the stated mintage in HK of 125,000 for HK581 would suggest. At the present time I have no explanations for these discrepancies. The numbers that I found for both HK579 and HK580 also seem low for their stated mintages. I did not tally the pieces dated 1960 or any uniface pieces.

HK588 and HK589: The mintage figures of 3,000 for HK588, and 15,000 for HK589 have never matched the numbers that I have found. In fact I have found the opposite to be true - that HK589 is rarer than HK588. It may be a statistical anomaly or whatever. At this point I am not sure. It is a discrepancy that I noted when I first began keeping track of population numbers, and in later studies I found things to be similar. Being that HK 588 is more valuable than HK589, one would think that maybe sellers would shun HK589 in favor of HK588, but I do not think that this was the case. In the year 2000 when this study ended, HK589 would sell for maybe 6 or 7 dollars, while HK588 would sell for maybe around 12 to 15 dollars - hardly a big difference; and look at the sales of HK583, a much more common and even less valuable piece. Sellers sold quite a few of these. Anyway, at this point I have no good explanation.

HK589a, HK589b, HK589c(2nd edition): Many older white metal so called dollars are hard to find in nice condition, some probably not to be found that way at all. It was the white metal pieces that often were the ones distributed at an event, many given holes for ribbons and/or hanging pinbars. They were often not distributed with the idea that they would be kept as nicer collectibles. It was often the bronze and/or silver pieces that were made in more limited quantities to be sold to collectors. HK589a, 589b, and 589c(2nd edition) are a classic example of this tendency, with the white metal pieces being more common, sometimes with holes, and usually not found in nice condition. This is in contrast to the silver and bronze pieces being less common and found nicer.

HK590: Joe Levine writes in Part II of his 40th PCAC sale lot#1125: "HK dated this medal to 1876 because of the appearance of that date on the obv. If this is true, then this is one of the earliest known commercial aluminum medals. However, it is possible the 1876 date refers to the date of the founding of Bridgeport Board of Trade rather than the year that the medal was issued. In any event, the piece is extremely rare - the first we have seen."

HK595 in various metals: Joe Levine from his 70th PCAC sale lot#507 states: "HK lists the Georgia Settlement medal only in White metal. Copper specimens, however, are also known. Silver examples are extremely rare - this is the only one we have seen and have no records of any other."

HK599b in Copper: Numbers of pieces found for HK599b in copper are included with HK599 in bronze.

HK608 Silver plated Bronze: Numbers of pieces found for HK608(HK608a in the 2nd edition of HK) in silver plated bronze are included above with HK608.

HK627: Eglit is somewhat confusing with regard to it's description/Image of Eglit309 and Eglit309A(HK627). The description of Eglit309 is followed by Eglit's description of Eglit309A as simply being similar to Eglit309 but in copper. This would suggest that Eglit309A is the same piece as Eglit 309, but in copper instead of white metal. However the image in between Eglit309 and Eglit309A is not the same as the description of Eglit309. It is as if Eglit meant for Eglit309 and Eglit309A to be the same piece in different metals, but then perhaps inserted the wrong image. In some auction catalogs I have found the same image as shown in Eglit to be erroneously described as Eglit309. At any rate, it is possible that my tallies for HK627 include both those that fit the description of Eglit309 and the image just below it. Both pieces do in fact exist. I believe that HK627 is the most common. Both pieces exist in both bronze and white metal. HK627 also exists in aluminum.

HK649: Two die varieties. Listed together in my tally numbers.

HK651 Nickel: From PCAC sale #34 where it was described as "HK651 but Nickel. Merchants and Manufacturers Exhibition Association. Choice Unc. Ex-Barber".

HK658 and HK659: HK states that the silver piece was limited to 60 pieces, the bronze to 1,000. I found three silver pieces - a bit low for a mintage of 60, but possible. I only found four bronze pieces, virtually the same number as the silver piece. Obviously the bronze piece is much more difficult to locate than mintages would indicate. I still do not own either silver or bronze. Of the seven that I found in all medals, only one was described as uncirculated, with most described as EF.

HK661: Both editions of HK list this piece as being made of bronze or silver plated bronze. Going through old auction catalogs I have also found this piece described as being nickel, bronze plated nickel, and white metal. Bronze plated nickel would be similar in appearance to bronze; and nickel and white metal would be similar in appearance to silver plated bronze, so there may be some confusion here as to just what the composition of these pieces really is. Note that the two pieces found in nickel were both heavily worn, so the idea that they were plated is probably out of the question. The two "nickel" pieces were from Kurt Krueger sale #85 lot#3823 and Bob Slawsky sale #68 lot#1889.

HK664: I have only found this piece described as being nickel or nickel plated. I have never found one described as either brass or white metal. The "brass" listing is from HK. The "white metal" listing is from Malcolm Storer’s reference, and may in fact not exist in that metal. One showed up on ebay a while back that was nickel plated. Also, all pieces that I have located were looped.

HK665 in White Metal: Like HK664, my "white metal" listing is from Malcolm Storer, and may be in error.

HK676: Found with loops at 11 and 1 oclock, so beware of removed loops.

HK680 to HK687: Pieces are numbered from #1 to #14 following "L.A.R.S. Co."

HK694 in Nickel?: The 2nd edition of HK describes this piece as White Metal, but I have never seen it described quite this way in old auction catalogs. Charles Kirtley sale #151 lot#P042 described it as Nickel Plated. Tony Swicer in his 1992 sale described his as Nickel. Stephen Alpert sale #25 lot#1727 described his as Zinc Plated. . Charles Kirtley sale on 8/12/86 lot#1295 described his lot as Nickel. Bob Slawskey sale #36 lot#478 described it as Zinc. Obviously there is not a lot of consistency here. Maybe "White Metal" is a good overall description until someone determines it’s metal content with more accuracy.

HK695 in Nickel?: The single "silver" piece was from PCAC sale #60 lot#992 where it was described as "SAME, as above" (HK695), "but struck in silver Unlisted in this metal". The single "silvered" piece that I found was from the next PCAC sale, #61 lot#810. It was described as "HK695 but Silvered". Interestingly, both pieces in each sale were described as "toned Unc", so it is possible that both may have been the same piece, first described erroneously as "silver" in the first sale, and then placed up again in sale #61 and described there as "silvered".

HK701: The only one of these in bronze that I can remember seeing was one in VF condition that popped up on ebay. I have one recorded in nickel, but once in a great while I have seen other pieces in that metal. The silver piece was from a C & D Gale sale (#17) from June of 1997. It was described as "H&K 701-UNL silver 1949 Long beach Centennial EF-45".

HK712: With a stated mintage of 2,000 you would think this piece would not be terribly difficult to find. But my tally of only 2 says otherwise. I bought one of these on ebay 5 years ago for a mere $6.00. Off hand I cannot remember seeing another.

HK720: There are a number of varieties of this piece. I am not sure how many. I know of at least one other one that has "Pirate Gold From the Jose Gaspar" as one of it’s inscriptions. Except for those that I found that were described as being made of plastic, all of my tallies for all varieties of this piece are listed with HK720, including HK720a in the 2nd edition of HK.

HK725: One of these pieces in bronze was sold in Charles Kirtley sale #1 lot#34. The next lot in the same sale (lot#35) was described as follows: "35. Medal. Similar to lot 34, but no signature. Other minor die differences, but basically the same design. Bronze, 39mm. AU-50.". Lot #34 was signed "C.H. Zimmerman F." on the obverse.

HK728a: I did not tally this piece. It is probably undersized to be considered a so called dollar.

HK731: Almost always found in silver, but occasionally found in other metals. The only copper ones that I have found were from Tony Swicer’s 1992 sale, and from PCAC sale #21 lot#902. Both were described as XF. I have never found an aluminum piece, but Rulau (Standard Catalog of United States Tokens 1700-1900, Mo-Kc 3a) lists it as such. The only white metal piece was from Kurt Krueger sale #85 lot#3310, described as EF.

HK734a: There are two varieties of this piece, one with the date "1896" below the mining scene on the obverse, and the other without the date. The 1st edition of HK shows the variety with the date. The 2nd edition shows the variety without the date. I tallied both varieties separately, with the variety without the date showing itself to be the rarer of the two; however it is possible that some auctioneers, using the 1st edition of HK as a reference, listed the no date variety in their sales as being HK734a without mentioning the missing date in their descriptions. Thus, the no date variety could be of equal or near equal rarity to the variety with the date.

HK735 and HK736: This piece in bronze and brass are listed as extremely rare in the 1st edition of HK. In fact, this piece is not rare at all in either metal. Why the authors described it as such I have no idea. It could be that most were released after the book was published; but it was available even in the Christian and Stone catalogs that I looked through from the 1960s. Also, it is found in all conditions, not typical of a late release where the vast majority would be found in Unc or near Unc condition. Unlike the brass and bronze pieces, this piece is quite rare in silver. The gilt pieces that I found may very well have been brass.

HK743 Bronze: The only one of these in bronze I have a record of is from Tony Swicer’s collection sold in 1992 where it was described as "743b BZ AU".

HK751d: I did not tally any unlisted pieces that seemed to fit the criteria for inclusion in the 1st edition of HK if they were minted after January 1st 1960. Thus, this piece was not tallied.

HK779: The first edition of HK states that "Restrikes made from these dies can be distinguished in same manner as can those made from dies of No. 777." This statement sometimes leads to confusion. It is true that the restrikes of both HK777 and HK779 have matte surfaces, where as the originals have smooth surfaces; but only the restrikes of HK777 can be distinguished from the originals by the length of "Tiffany & Co." on the edge. HK779 has no incuse lettering of any kind stamped on the edge.

HK782: Joe Levine from his 62nd PCAC sale lot#100 states: "The additional legend on the reverse of this piece makes more explicit the results of free coinage on silver on the size of the standard government dollar. HK 782 is the rarest of the Gorham cartwheel dollars with the exception of the extremely rare George H. Ford & Co. piece. It is generally believed to be the most attractive of the group."(the Gorham cartwheel dollars are HK780, HK781, HK782 and HK1012)

HK783: Joe Levine from his 75th PCAC sale lot#155 states: "This piece makes the same point as the larger Gorham pieces, but does so in a different way. With the larger pieces, the point is made physically that the size of our coinage would become so large as to be impractical for everyday use. Here, the message is that if the size of the government dollar was to be increased by more than 100% to accommodate the 16-1 ratio, then a piece of this size would have a market value of about 48 cents."

Unnumbered Lesher Dollars HK788a, HK789a, HK790a, HK791a, HK795a, HK796a, HK1019a: The second edition of HK makes new listings for unnumbered Lesher dollars. My tallies for unnumbered pieces are included with their numbered counterpart. For a much better rarity study of Lesher dollars, look at Adna Wilde’s extensive study. Click Here for Adna Wilde study at ANA web site

HK798 in German Silver: DeLorey notes that strikings in German Silver are possible. This piece is from PCAC sale #78 lot#244. The copper piece is from the January 2011 Ostheimer sale lot #136.

HK820: HK states that "most authorities agree that substantially fewer than 100 specimens extant today". This is obviously not true, as I was able to find 58 of these, a fairly large number. When I first began to collect so called dollars in the mid 1990s I remember talking a dealer down in price on one of these because I knew it was not terribly rare, and so did he. I must say though that today the piece appears to be less easily had. It may be that when HK was published, this piece was indeed quite rare. It appears as if a large number of these may have come to light later, possibly in the 1980s or 1990s. Ten of these were sold as one lot in the PCAC sale 11/19/94 lot 153. Another 22 pieces sold at the 5/27/93 Bowers and Merena auction.

HK821: With regard to HK821, HK states that "number extant is believed to be fewer than 12", but my tally of 17 sales for this piece probably suggests otherwise. My tally of 17 may be a bit harsh though as I could find no records of this piece being sold in many catalogs including any Charles Kirtley catalogs, any of the Johnson and Jensen catalogs that I looked through, and others; and at the present time I cannot specifically account for four of the sixteen sales (they are probably there somewhere, but I did not record where I found them and at the present time I have no desire to go back through EVERYTHING to try and locate them). When I went back and looked at the Presidential Coin and Antique Co. catalogs separately, I found 9 sales. Eight of those sales are as follows: PCAC 32 lot 257 AU; PCAC 40 Part 1 lot 205 AU; PCAC 56 lot 173 XF/AU; PCAC 57 lot 154 XF/AU with minor field marks; PCAC 59 lot 237 EF; PCAC 60 lot 138 and lot 139 choice AU, and EF with numerous edge nicks and scattered small dings in the field; PCAC 70 lot 551 lightly toned AU. None of the descriptions in the catalogs stated that any of the pieces had been sold in previous PCAC sales, and most of the descriptions appear to be different. Outside of the PCAC sales there are three Paul Koppenhaver sales of this piece that I know of specifically: 2/19/77 lot 37 described as toned AU; 6/3/78 lot 104 described as Unc; 9/30/98 lot 92 described as XF. Also, Paul Cunningham sold one described as AU with some light toning in his 3/18/78 sale lot 1158. Most so called dollars with a mintage of 12 or so would show up in my study maybe an average of once or twice, maybe three or four times. Contrast this piece to HK 823 where I was not able to locate a single piece, and where HK states "only 15 issued..."

HK822: The numbers that I found may point to a somewhat higher mintage than what is quoted in HK, but at least in this case my figures and HK's figures appear to have some semblance of verifying each other. There is no question in my mind that this piece is more common than HK821, but distinctly rarer than HK824.

HK823: HK states that 15 were issued. I was not able to locate a single one. You would have thought I would have come across at least one; but low and behold, there is one pictured in the 2nd edition of HK, and another(a different one) sold in PCAC sale #78 lot#255. I did not tally this second piece due to it being sold after the year 2000.

HK824: There are two varieties, all combined into the same population numbers. The scarcer variety has the left upright of "D" between the "EY" of "Pedley". The more common variety has the left upright of "D" immediately below the upright of the second "E" in "Pedley". HK states that 85 of these were all that were struck. The numbers that I have found obviously do not justify this low mintage figure. Joe Levine from his 50th PCAC sale lot#919 states: "HK states that fewer than 85 pieces were produced, although we feel this figure is a bit on the low side." In this same sale was an HK824 with a "1929 " counterstamp (lot 921).

HK825: HK states that 500 of these were issued, making this the most common Pedley-Ryan piece; but like HK824, the numbers that I found point to an even higher mintage. A roll of 20 of these sold in PCAC sale #70 lot 553. Because they sold after the year 2000, this roll of 20 is not included in my tally of 149.

HK826: The only two sales that I was able to locate were Charles Kirtley sale 9 lot 802 AU, and PCAC sale 40 Part 1 lot 208. It was also graded AU.

HK827: I found 13 of these, but only recorded where I found 4 of them, all PCAC sales: PCAC 22 lot 724 XF; PCAC 40 Part 1 lot 209 XF; PCAC 48 lot 219 EF; PCAC 50 lot 129 VF with "light obverse scratch and a small reverse edge nick ". Three of the four had the same description, but no mention was made as to whether or not any of them had been sold in previous sales. For a mintage of 300, my tallies are on the low side, so there is a good possibility that less than 300 are still in existence. Many of these come with doubled lettering, which makes sense if in fact they were struck by some fellow seated in a store display window with a punch-type die.

HK828: For a supposed mintage of 50, my number of only three found is probably too low, so obviously it is rarer than the mintage figure would suggest. Joe Levine in his PCAC sale 40 Part 1 lot 210 states: "50 Pieces Struck. They rarely appear on the numismatic market. The only recent auction record we can find is from our Sale #24 (1978) when an uncirculated example brought $280.00 ".

HK838 to HK851: These pieces are quite rare, with perhaps HK838 being the most common, followed by HK843 or HK844. The 2nd edition of HK says many of the listings may be in error because no examples could be located. The Charles Kirtley sale of October 13 and 17, 1998 sold three examples that are not listed in either edition of HK(lots A008, A010, and A017) with images. There was a nice little run of listed pieces in the Heritage 9/27/07 auction, lots 81453 through 81460 that included three examples of HK838, two HK843, and two HK844.

HK852 to HK856 Modern Restrikes: In August of 2001 there was a set of Continental Dollar master dies that were put up for sale on ebay(item #1261360905). The description that went along with these pieces was of interest, so I will duplicate it here: "Extremely Rare Dies 1776 Continental Dollar/No One Else Can Have A Set!!!/I bought these dies on May 19th, 1979 at a court ordered auction of the estate of the last surviving member of the August C. Frank Co. to operate the family business. They were the oldest and best known Tool and Die company in the country. They had closed their doors about 5 years previous to this when this last member of the family could no longer operate the company. I spoke to the grand niece of his that day and she was very upset because her uncle had been declared incompetent by the courts, according to her, he knew exactly what was going on. Anyway, in addition to the original Chippendale chairs and French clocks and early cameras there was a load of these coin and medal dies that he had removed to his home prior to selling the business. There were dies sold with the business but he kept the best. There were dies for the striking of the Summer Islands Shilling, Hendrik Hudson (the dies that struck the whole issue), Apollo 8, 11, 12, and 13, Presidential medals, and unlisted items galore. I BOUGHT THEM ALL. It took 6 legal size pages to list them all. I sold them to dealers all over the country. What you are about to look at is a set of the MOST IMPORTANT dies that were in the group. There are two kinds of dies. One is a die that is created for the purpose of making other dies from it. That is called a HUB or sometimes the MASTER DIES. The other is the WORKING die. That is the die that actually strikes the coin or medal. Working dies have a relatively short life. Many times they break before they wear out and are discarded, Even so, they can only strike a certain number of coins before they become unusable. Years ago they did not survive at all because they were sold for scrap. The HUB or MASTER DIE on the other hand was used to produce the "working" die. That meant a much longer life and a better chance that it would survive the melting pot. THIS SET OF DIES THAT I AM OFFERING IS THE MASTER DIES OR HUBS!! The set that you are looking at here were used to restrike the 1776 Continental Dollar and according to stories that were around back then they were supposed to have been given to the Smithsonian. I don’t remember now where I got the info—I think it was in Hibler-Kappen though. I kept these because they were the BEST of the lot. I also have some of the Master dies for the Apollo missions that I will be putting on ebay." It was also stated in the sellers description that he had previously sold "a few working dies" of the Continental Dollar. I emailed the seller to see if he still had a list of the other dies that were sold, but he stated that that was 23 years ago and he did not have the list anymore.

HK852 Silver Modern Restrikes: On silver 1961 restrikes there is a small "S" on the reverse between the circles of Delaware and Pennsylvania.

HK852b Gold Modern Restrike: The only one of these in gold that I know of is from PCAC sale #70. It was described as follows: "Continental Dollar Restrike In Gold, Ca. 1961. 40.5-41mm (struck without collar). 22+ K Gold. (56.8 grams.) Coin turn. Proof-like Uncirculated."

HK852 Silver Modern Restrike struck without a collar: This piece was from Charles Kirtley sale #30 lot #16 and was described as follows: "H&K 852. Continental Dollar restrike in silver. This enegmatic specimen was struck on an oversize planchet measuring 42mm. Apparently struck without a collar. EF-45 with a rim nick at 1:00 on reverse. PHOTO. ($125.-175.)"

HK852 in Goldene: From Tony Swicer’s collection sold in 1992, described as follows: "854a Goldene 1876 restrike 4mm AU"

HK852 Uniface: Two uniface Continental dollar pieces were sold in Tony Swicer’s 1992 sale. The descriptions do not say which of the dies was used, obverse or reverse. One was made of aluminum. The other was made of Fiber.

HK867 to HK870: The numbers that I found for these four related pieces confirm stated mintages reasonably well, although my tallies indicate similar numbers for HK867 and HK868 even though the stated mintage of 300 for HK867 is less than half the mintage of 700 for HK868. Interestingly, NGC’s census shows a similar situation(at the time of this writing on November 2009) with these two pieces. HK870 is by far the most common of the four, and always comes with obvious die polish marks on it's surfaces. I have never heard or seen of any of these without these die polish marks, including any high grade NGC pieces. Die polish marks do not affect the grade.

HK871-HK873 on Square Planchets: Most of the rare varieties of these pieces are round; however from Tony Swicer’s collection sold in 1992: one quadruple thickness gold piece on a square planchet; one double thickness platinum piece on a square planchet; and one triple thickness platinum piece on a square planchet.

HK873: My tally here includes 7 pieces sold at the May 27-29th 1993 Bowers & Merena sale. Joe Levine from his 69th PCAC sale lot#130 states: "This piece is part of a set in different metals representing a proposal for an international coinage. It was the joint conception of well-known numismatists Abe Kosoff and Hans Schulman. HK notes that 313 specimens were struck in 23.95 karat gold. However, the edge of this piece is impressed "Coin Gold"

HK876 : The only silver piece that I tallied was from PCAC sale #60 lot#144. Within the description Joe Levine states: "An extreme rarity! None of the literature with which we are familiar even hints at the existence of a silver Denver Mint Opening token. HK comments about the "thousands" of copper specimens that were struck as souvenirs. Our guess is that a very small number of pieces in silver were struck for Mint officials and other VIPs". The gold plated piece that I found was from PCAC sale #52 lot#127. It was described as "....This unlisted Gold plated piece originally appeared in a MANA Auction sometime in the 1970s where it realized $270".

HK892: Found dated either 1917 or 1918. The 1st edition of HK describes this piece as being dated 1917, but shows a picture of the 1918 piece. The 2nd edition shows the 1917 piece. My tally numbers probably(?) include only 1917 pieces. 1918 pieces appear to be more rare.

HK908: Tally figures include different varieties (those with "E.W.J.S." and those without)

HK911: All are probably silver plated.

HK914 and HK915: My tallies for HK914 and HK915 represent auction sales when the first edition of HK was in use. The first edition makes no distinction between the "arrow" and "no arrow" varieties, and it may be that sellers also did not always note the distinction. Thus my tallies for the no arrow variety being rarer may not be entirely accurate.

HK1003: Joe Levine from Part 1 of his 34th PCAC sale lot#150 writes: "Struck in white metal. Lightly tarnished Unc. This piece in silver is listed as HK1003(in the rarity section reserved for pieces with 1-3 known). It is unlisted in any other metal although a bronze example appeared in a 1960 vintage Kagin auction and a brass specimen was recently sold by Bowers & Ruddy(VF/XF-$275.00). This piece is of major importance as it is directly related to the U.S. Mint and is similar to the 1906 Denver so called dollar ($20 Gold size) struck for the opening of the mint. Also of major importance to pattern, so-called dollar and California collectors. It's pedigree to Charles Barber greatly enhances it's attractiveness.". Also, there were three of these, one in brass and two in silver, that were sold at the Holabird-Kagin December 2008 auction of the Bill Weber collection(Lots 10601, 10602, and 10603).

HK1010: In the 1st edition of HK "No. 779" appears to be a misprint. It should read "No. 777"

HK1023: The two recorded sales here are in fact the exact same piece. Both were graded Unc with the same small imperfections in both photos. One sale was Charles Kirtley #54 lot 2868. The other sale was PCAC #70 lot 573. Joe Levine in Presidential sale #70 points out that there was also another different piece sold in a different Charles Kirtley sale that was described as AU, but the description appears to be in error.

© Copyright 2010 John Raymond